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28 May, 2011

Cuba imports 80% of the food it consumes.

We cubans , born 50 or more yrs ago, many of us know  the Statistics from those days, 


These Statistics  were published  in those days by all of the international organisations such as 


From what I did study ,in the 50s. Cuba was self sufficient in
 RICE ,up to a 54% and increasing by each year its production.
 MILK , totally sufficient with 980 millions litters a yr. for 6,7 millions  inhabitants
DAIRY PRODUCTS , half of its comsummers needs were  produced in Cuba itself.
Some of the  CHEESE  were imported from Spain, France and Switzerland.
FRESH AND PROCESSED  MEATS, totally self sufficient .
Some products were imported,i.e. hams, saussages from Spain
CORN, in Cuba up to four crops a year rendered enough for the cubans and its cattle raising industry.
COFFEE, CACAO, Cuba rarely had to import these items.
SUGAR, Cuba was the number one EXPORTER OF IT. IN THE WORLD. From 5 to 7 millions tons a year.
TOBACCO, CUBA ONLY IMPORTED A MINIMUM of it, from the USA, because of the type and variety 
were not good enough when produced in Cuba.I am talking here of the MILD BRANDS OF TOBACCO.
For the rest every one  knows the best tobacco and cigar are cubans and it was and is one of the main export products of Cuba.
WHY AND HOW COMES THAT ALMOST 90 % OF THE CUBAN FARMLAND IS SINCE THE LATE 60's in the hands or under the control of the State.??
What happened with those THREE AGRARIAN REFORMS staged in three different  periods of time in the 60's ????
The ""agrarian reform ..WAS IT NOT because the improductive, iddle lands  in the hands of latifundists( big land owners) that the thugs  in power carried  those ""land reforms""  out ???
How comes that 52 yrs. later the are iddle lands by the hundred of thousands of acres ???
This and many other  big questions  could be  asked to them...!!
However the cuban coffee can be bought in many cities around the world,
 in Canada as well.
And so many of the food products of Cuba can be purchased in many countries...such as the citric fruits, and fruits juices and conserves, fish and sea food...which are prohibited to the cubans on the island. P.Martori
Cuba imports 80% of the food it consumes: 
 See: International Press, Cuban Pres, WHO, FAO, ... 
 "Menos carne y leche  = Less Meat and  milk ...
 Roberto Álvarez Quiñones
 Los Angeles 21-05-2011 - 7:58 pm. 
 En los años 50, Cuba importaba el 29% de los alimentos que consumía. 
  Hoy  importa el 81%" Today Cuba imports 80% of its needs in foodstuffs.
 "Cuba inches towards market socialism 
By Robert Plummer Business reporter, BBC News"

"Cuba to close 100 farms, importing 80% of food now" 

"Cuba imports close to 80% of the food supplies consumed by its 11 
million inhabitants at a cost of some 1.5 billion USD per year." 

"The number that kept coming up was 80%. Cuba imports 80% of its food." 

"Cuba imports 80% of its food, spending several billion dollars a year." 

"Cuba, with a population of a little over 11 million people, imports 
about 80% of its domestic food requirements." 

"Cuba imports close to 80% of the food supplies consumed by its 11 
million inhabitants at a cost of some 1.5 billion USD per year." 

"Cuba imports close to 80 per cent of the food required by its 11 
million inhabitants." 

"The storms are a heavy blow for President Raúl Castro, who has made 
raising agricultural production a national priority. The rise in global 
commodity prices hit Cuba hard. The island imports 80% of its food, at a 
cost of $2.5 billion, and its huge trade deficit has soared this year by 
70% to more than $11 billion, according to official figures out this 
week. That is only partly covered by the $7.8 billion Cuba receives for 
"export services"—doctors and sports trainers sent to Venezuela in 
exchange for oil." 

"With half of its agricultural land unproductive, Cuba imports 80% of 
its food. It has struggled to make hard-currency payments." 

"Cuba Trade, Exports and Imports: Highlights 
More than 80% of all food consumed in Cuba is imported due to a drastic 
decline in the country's farm output since 2001." 

"Cubans are already suffering from the economic crisis. The country 
imports 80% of its food, including sugar. A housing shortage affects 
almost everyone. Healthcare is handicapped by the export of personnel. 
Travel, controlled by the army and foreign investors, is booming but 
hampered by the cost of imports." 

"Agricultural production will be decentralized. Agriculture has been the 
big black spot of the Cuban economy, which must import 80% of its 
national food needs." 

"The necessity for reform stemmed from arable land lying idle, 50 
percent of the total, and the burden, which continues, of importing 80 
percent of food consumed in Cuba. Annual food import costs approach $2.4 
billion. Fallow land resulted largely from the government's 2002 
decision to downgrade the sugar industry." 

"Cuba importa más de 80% de los alimentos que consume. La cuenta 
ascenderá este año a $2.000 millones." 

 From Cuba: "80% Imported 

ACTAF es La Asociación Cubana de Técnicos Agrícolas y Forestales. Una 
organización no gubernamental, inscripta en el registro de asociaciones 
de la Republica de Cuba desde el 2 de febrero de 1987. Con una 
estructura funcional desagregada, en Filiales con personalidad jurídica 
propia, en las 14 provincias del país. Cuenta con 23 694 afiliados, de 
los cuales el 38% son mujeres, agrupados en 1 761 Órganos de Base y 2 
219 Socios Institucionales a nivel de país, con una estructura de 
trabajo organizada en filiales en todas las provincias incluido el 
municipio especial de Isla de la Juventud. Como novedoso en la 
estructura de ACTAF se incorpora el Presidente Municipal de la ACTAF, 
aglutinando a todos los técnicos en el área municipal. 

La ACTAF tiene como paradigma lograr el desarrollo de una agricultura 
sostenible sobre bases agroecológicas, para lo cual no solo trabaja en 
todo un amplio proceso de capacitación de sus asociados y de la sociedad 
cubana en su conjunto sino también en el desarrollo de un proceso de 
divulgación, promoción y reconocimiento a todas las experiencias 
exitosas que de forma individual o colectiva logren efectivamente dar 
cumplimiento y materialización al modelo de agricultura que como 
organización propugnamos y defendemos.

 Domicilio legal: Calle 98 No. 702, esquina 7ma, 
Playa, Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba. Telef.: + 53 7 202 7867,


Hacía la soberanía alimentaria? 
Noticias - Destacado 
Escrito por Ana Maria Dominguez Cruz 
Lunes, 03 de Enero de 2011 12:22 

""Sin embargo, el año pasado Cuba necesitaba importar el 80 por ciento 
de los alimentos que se consumían en ella, como consecuencia de 
problemas organizativos, económicos y hasta conceptuales que dieron al 
traste con una situación agrícola interna desfavorable, incluso desde el 
punto de vista de los recursos humanos."

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